German Dictionary 2

Learning Objective

Use an English-German Dictionary


Success Criteria

I can name 5 things that a dictionary tells me

I can find adjectives

I can put adjectives into sentences

I can use a dictionary to help me use modal verbs


Key Vocabulary:

die Maus

das Insekt

das Zebra 

der Affe 

die Schildkröte 

die Eule 

die Spinne 

der Seehund 

der Mensch 

das Eichhörnchen 


das Hänchen

der Schinken

die Trauben

die Tomaten

die Kartoffeln

die Karotten

die Erbsen

die Zwiebeln

die Pommes Frites

der Salat

die Suppe

das Eis

die Limonade






ich kann

du kannst

er kann

sie kann

es kann

Sie können

wir können



ich will

du willst

er will

sie will

es will

Sie wollen

wir wollen



ich muss

du musst

er muss

sie muss

es muss

Sie müssen

wir müssen

Lesson Context

This is the second lesson with a focus on dictionary use. The children will begin with a 'cold' task where they have to figure out for themselves 5 things that a bilingual dictionary can tell you. Following that is partner work where they use their dictionaries to challenge a friend to put a new adjective into a German sentence, while also revisiting new food and animal vocabulary. In the second half of the lesson, the children will shift their focus to 3 modal verbs, können, müssen and wollen. They will play 'secret signal' with these verbs and they will end the lesson using their dictionaries to translate sentences with different conjugations of these verbs



Powerpoint presentation

'Town, Directions, Likes and Dislikes' flashcards for the starter activity

Hand outs which the children can take home for revision   - printed back to back

German-English Dictionaries - I use the 'Collins German School Dictionary' but any medium or larger sized dictionary is fine:

Slide 2 - Main Introduction

Communicate LO and SC


Slide 3 - Starter activity - Das Kartenspiel - revision of  'Town, Directions, Likes and Dislikes' vocabulary 

Explain that the children should be using the 'Lob' words on slide 3 and let them get on with it. Reward children for using the 'Lob' words.


Slide 4 - List 5 things your German-English Dictionary tells you

Remind the children of last weeks lesson and how the dictionary can help you translate and to identify the type of word. Point out there is much more to a bilingual dictionary than that. Dictionaries will be different but other things a dictionary tells you could be:

  • A section on numbers/ordinal numbers/fractions
  • Sections on the days of the week and months of the year
  • A page on how to tell the time
  • Verb tables

Slide 5 - Adjective Challenge

Using the 5 adjective challenge box, get the children to find 5 new German adjectives in their dictionaries. They write the German adjective and the English translation in the appropriate boxes. After they have found the 5, they give their vocabulary sheets to their partner who has to put the adjective into a German sentence, just like the two examples given on the slide. Encourage the children to try to use the adjective to describe one of the 'new' animals they learnt last week, or one of the 'new' foods they learnt in 'Likes and Dislikes 2'. Go over that vocabulary using the next 11 slides


Slides 6 - 16 'New' Animals and Food vocabulary 

Sag mir nach the vocabulary on these slides, asking the occasional translation question with adjectives the children should already know, for example:

The monkey is clever/the clever monkey

The spider is small/the small spider

The zebra is fast/the fast zebra


Slide 17 - Adjective Challenge

The children should now do the adjective challenge, as described above. Give the children 5 minutes to find the adjectives and then swap sheets. Then give the children up to another 5 minutes to complete the sentences. If the animals or foods are inappropriate for the adjective, then get the children to use the dictionary to find an adjective that is appropriate. If the children are sharing their dictionaries, 1 child should learn the front of their sheet while the other child finds the adjectives 


Slide 18 - Dictionary Verb Task

Some of the children may have pointed out 'verb tables' in the 'list 5 things' task at the start of the lesson. Explain that for the lesson you will be working with 3 of the most popular German verbs, können, müssen and wollen, which are also modal verbs. This will be good preparation for the modal verb lessons in a couple of weeks


Slides 19 - 24 - Secret Signal

Before each of these 3 'secret signal' activities, sag mir nach the vocabulary for each of the 3 verbs on slides 19, 21 and 23. Now when on slides 20, 22 and 24, ask one child to leave the room and agree with the rest of the class on a secret signal, such as touching your nose. Choose a child to perform this signal at any given moment. Using slide 20 as an example, bring the first child back into the room and ask the class to say 'ich kann' (the first item on the list) in a chant. Every time the class sees the designated person do the agreed secret signal, they move onto the next phrase in the list - du kannst. The child has to guess who is doing the signal before the class gets to the bottom of the list. If the child who went outside guesses correctly, they earn a reward. If the class get to the bottom, the 'signaller' and somebody else from the class, earn a reward. Now move on to müssen and wollen


Slide 25 - Translation Challenge 

Go through the vocabulary and examples on the slide and then get the children to perform the modal verb translation challenge on the back of their hand outs. Point out that 'machen' can mean 'to do' or 'to make' and that it goes to the end of the sentence, because it is the 2nd verb in all of the sentences.

*Note - Encourage the children to use their dictionaries if they have verb tables in them. If not, then simply use the verb tables on the front of the hand out


Assessment and Evidence

Observe and ask questions

Refer back to the learning objective and success criteria after the 'Translation Challenge'

Check achievement of the success criteria when you are on slide 26 by questioning and rewarding randomly selected children (using lollipop sticks)

German Dictionary 2.pptx
Microsoft Power Point Presentation 11.9 MB
Vocabulary Sheet Dictionary 2.docx
Microsoft Word Document 76.0 KB
Das Kartenspiel Town Directions Likes an
Microsoft Word Document 48.0 KB